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is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

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International Land Coalition (ILC) Asia Land Forum and Regional Assembly has conducted in Kyrgyzstan

Participation of RDF in ILC's Forum

RDF took part in festival "Shirge Zhyar" in Talas region

LOSL took part in a Global Forum on the Conservation of the Snow Leopard

Participation of members of international network “Land of Snow Leopard ” at the Forum on preserving Snow Leopard in Bishkek

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Sustainable Land Management in the Pamir-Alai Region (PALM)

 

Fast Facts

 

Realization period: 2010-2011

 

Areas: Kashka-Suu and Alaiku aiyl okrugs, Osh oblast

 

Donor: United Nations University, Germany

 

Contact: general@rdf.in.kg

 

The mountain areas of Pamir-Alai are extremely important for their rich but fragile natural resources. There is a wide range of renewable resources that people use for feeding. At the same time these areas are prone to resource degradation and depletion caused, mainly, by poor management of these resources and inadequate use practices.

 

The population of these areas lives in harsh climatic conditions, at high elevation and long distances - this heavily limits their economic opportunities and leads to poor quality of life. The poverty in these areas is pervasive. They are mainly involved in livestock production with limited crop cultivation for private use.

 

Value-Chain analysis

The use of natural resources and the possibility of putting their production and resale to urban areas on a commercial footing thus present an opportunity to the population in the region. In order to understand the whole situation, there is a need of a value chain analysis.

 

Project aim

The research was aimed on provision of information on all stakeholders, limitations in capital and technology, subsector obstacles, new ideas and recommendations for income generation, which finally would lead to decrease of poverty in this region.

 

 

Project areas

At this period of time RDF team has been conducting the value chain research on products: wool, medical herbs and wild berries in Alaiku aiyl okmotu of Kara-Kuldja rayon and Kashka-Suu aiyl okmotu of Chon-Alai rayon.

 

Main project results

Wool. Even though wool is one of the most considerable products by total volume and numbers of farmers engaged in their production in the Pamir Alai, it is not a product of priority. The chain from wool producer to the wool users is very weak. The main preprocessing facilities are located far from these areas and there is a limited access to them. Therewith, significant markets and commercial buyers are also are located in valleys and far away from Pamir-Alai rayon.

 

These and other factors, like under-development of agricultural production, lack of breeding service, poor feeding and shearing technologies, as well as loss of traditional knowledge and skills affected an ability of the producers in these areas to produce the wool of high quality and sell it at a good price. At the same time there is a high demand of numerous small and middle scale cottage businesses in semi-coarse and fine wool that is used for production of felt and felt goods. Cottage industry uses this wool for production of felt and felt products. Thereby, there is an evident missing link between supply and demand in this type of production, managing of which will increase the profits of local people and, finally, lowers the poverty level in this region.

 

Medical herbs and wild berries. Collection of medical herbs and berries in mountainous areas is limited in diversity and scope and is mainly focused on few types of berries and herbs. However, it should be stated that these landscapes are extremely rich with valuable genetic resources. Mountainous communities, especially women and children, are engaged into “secondary” economic activities outside of livestock-breeding. Women make jams or squeeze oil out of berries and sell it at markets and medical herbs to pharmacies or other wholesale buyers in Osh. But local people have lost the traditional knowledge which helped them in the past to collect the herbs and berries without damaging the environment. In addition, there is a lack of low cost technologies on their drying and processing. Therefore, many of local people do not know what they can do with these berries and herbs to increase income with little investments.

 

Thus, the study was aimed to identify key features of the value chain for the production of three important products – wool, wild medical herbs and berries and beekeeping products in mountainous villages in the Kyrgyz part of the Pamir-Alai region.Methodology of the research consisted of several stages: in order to identify and confirm the viability of value chains there were conducted interviews with key informants in Chui and Osh oblasts. Then in the frame of project implementation it is planned to carry out the survey in the studied areas. In order to deeply analyze and study the value chains there will be the in-depth interviews and/or focus groups conducted with local dwellers. In addition, one of the key methods of the study will be case study, the results of which will be the financial models of value chains.

 

 

Project results

 

Identificationof value chains features provided the understanding of problem areas and link limitations between supply and demand of products and the basis for projecting possible additional income/benefit to local population which is mainly the primary producers of these products. The significance of the study is in replication of its results and experience on a larger scale in similar communities.

 

In other words, it provided the recommendations for outside interventions as well as amplify the awareness among the villagers themselves of measures which can be undertaken to increase their incomes. The benefit of heightened understanding of their place in the market helps the villagers overcome the information asymmetries that currently put them at a disadvantage in capturing value in the value chain.

Rural Development Fund

Geologicheskiy str., Office 1

Bishkek, 720005, Kyrgyz Republic

Phone: +996 (312)590828 

Mob. phone: +996 (770)330106 

Email: general@rdf.in.kg

© RDF 2008 - 2015


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