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is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund




International Land Coalition (ILC) Asia Land Forum and Regional Assembly has conducted in Kyrgyzstan

Participation of RDF in ILC's Forum

RDF took part in festival "Shirge Zhyar" in Talas region

LOSL took part in a Global Forum on the Conservation of the Snow Leopard

Participation of members of international network “Land of Snow Leopard ” at the Forum on preserving Snow Leopard in Bishkek

All news



Direction: A Commitment-based Initiative on Locally Managed Ecosystems

Theme “People-Centered Ecosystem Management”


Communal management practices of land and natural resources have a long tradition in the Asia. The common management has been exercised in different countries through different regimes in Asia, with established and accepted customary rules.  Since the users themselves managed the resources, these users have ensured their preservation, regeneration and sustainability. Customary practices at large tend to ensure fair access to resources and equal benefits sharing from their use. However, common management of resources experiences increasing pressure from the commercialization of many resources, and their acquisitions often supported by the national governments, as well as growing local demand. Political and social changes in societies also influence customary land and resources management practices and in some cases could lead to ‘open access’ use or to privatization of the resources by few, depriving other community members from their use.


The goal of the initiative is to strengthen tenurial security of communities in managing environmentally sensitive ecosystems by documenting, replicating and advocating people-centred land governance in government policies and programs.  

The initiative has three strategic objectives:

Mobilising ILC Asia members and various other relevant stakeholders by enhancing capacity, sharing experiences and documenting strategies and good practices of LME that may be adopted or scale up in other countries.

Connecting ILC Asia members and various stakeholders to strengthen on the principles strategies and process of locally managed ecosystem utilizing the different inter-governmental platform. 

Influencing positive change in policy and legislation of national, regional and global framework to recognise and adopt people-centered land governance through dialogue, advocacy and lobbying.


Research and documentation of locally managed ecosystems is planned to be conducted in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines. The main members of the initiative, who will participate in adoption and strengthening of people-centered ecosystem management through policy dialogues, are: KAFLU, UWUA (Kyrgyzstan), IESD (Kazakhstan), JASIL, MALM (Mongolia), Prayatna Samiti, Swadhina, SARRA, AIPP India, FES (India), KPA, JKPP (Indonesia), AIPP (Thailand), NGO Forum, Star Kampuchea, AIPP Cambodia (Cambodia), PAFID, AFA (Philippines).


Main focus of the initiative is intended to research, document and share experience on the following directions:

Pastoral and forests lands of Central Asia. The Central Asia, that among others includes countries like, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, is a landscape of vast rangelands and grasslands where livestock plays a crucial role in the countries’ economies and people’s livelihoods. Pastoral livestock breeding is not only economic activity, but also a lifestyle for many communities and community members in this sub region. Forests though make small percentage of land areas play huge role in climate change resilience, water supply and preservation of rich biodiversity. Soviet regime has destroyed traditional livestock grazing systems, which slowly have been reviving and coming into practice. There have been also interesting example of communal management of other resources, such as forest management

Forest ecosystems of South and Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia is losing its rainforests faster than any equatorial region, and has the fewest remaining primary rainforests. It is projected that most of the primary rainforests of Southeast Asia will be destroyed in the next 10 years (http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/se_asian_rnfrst.htm). On the other hand, South Asia is endowed with an exceptional array of biodiversity. Its vast geography spans several diverse ecosystems, from the mountains of the HimalayaHindu Kush, to the Thar Desert, and the coral reefs and atolls of Maldives. The region’s ecosystems underpin the economic fortunes of its poorest and most vulnerable people. The region’s ecosystems support critical lifesustaining services and regulate processes crucial to wellbeing. Forests account for about 20–30 % of the total land area of India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka and about 68% in Bhutan. Savannas and dry forests are grazing areas for the region’s large population of livestock, which is essential to food security and agricultural draught. Yet 10–30% of the region’s faunal species are currently under threat of extinction.


The Mekong sub-region.  The Mekong sub-region holds irreplaceable riches—ranging from rare wildlife in spectacular natural landscapes to communities with distinct cultural heritages. The vast region spans six countries: China, Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. Its 200 million acres contain some of the most biologically diverse habitats in the world.  The Mekong sub-region is the ‘rice bowl’ of Asia and at its heart lays the Mekong River. Winding almost 3,000 miles from the Tibetan plateau down to the South China Sea, the Mekong River boasts the world's largest inland fishery. It accounts for up to 25 percent of the global freshwater catch and provides livelihoods for at least 60 million people. It is second only to the Amazon River in terms of fish biodiversity. At least 1,100 freshwater species swim the waters of this mighty river including the last remaining populations of the Irrawaddy dolphin, giant freshwater stingray which can weigh up to 1,300 pounds, and the Mekong giant catfish. .


Main components and expected ILC success measures

In achieving the above objectives, four major activities will be implemented, namely:

(1) regional consultation meetings with participation of partner countries, directed to establish and strengthen the initiative on regional and national level, mobilization of the partner countries to establish the platform on promotion of LME, sharing of good practices and consultations on implementation of people-centered ecosystem management.

(2) documentation of local initiatives on LME and processes of exemplifying locally managed ecosystems and case studies, further dissemination of collected and documented practices and knowledge into Informational Materials and training manual.

(3) capacity-building of CSOs and communities to ensure that CSOs and communities are equipped with the principles, strategies and processes of locally managed ecosystems using internationally accepted principles as a resource or ecosystem management strategy in their advocacy campaign and policy platform for their governments to adopt.

(4) advocacy and influence on the policy agenda, work hand-in-hand in influencing policy environments within their respective scope (national, sub-regional, regional) using common advocacy platforms appropriate to their respective areas.

Expected Outcomes:


Outcome 1. Increased capacity and number of ILC members and others stakeholders engaging in facilitating, documenting, publishing and advocating locally managed ecosystems (LME) in their respective communities.

Outcome 2. Strengthened strategic partnership of ILC Asia members and various stakeholders on strategies and process of LME employing different Inter-governmental platform

Outcome 3. Positive change in policy and legislation of government (local, national) and/or  regional framework to recognize and uphold locally managed ecosystems towards strengthening community land rights.

Rural Development Fund

Geologicheskiy str., Office 1

Bishkek, 720005, Kyrgyz Republic

Phone: +996 (312)590828 

Mob. phone: +996 (770)330106 

Email: general@rdf.in.kg

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