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is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

is a not-for-profit and nongovernmental policy and research organization established in 2003 to conduct research, develop policy recommendations, and implement activities in the field of the rural development.

Rural Development Fund

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News

International Land Coalition (ILC) Asia Land Forum and Regional Assembly has conducted in Kyrgyzstan

Participation of RDF in ILC's Forum

RDF took part in festival "Shirge Zhyar" in Talas region

LOSL took part in a Global Forum on the Conservation of the Snow Leopard

Participation of members of international network “Land of Snow Leopard ” at the Forum on preserving Snow Leopard in Bishkek

All news



RDF's Involvement and Concern in Land Issues and Reforms

Land and agrarian reform in the Kyrgyz Republic started in the early nineties with adoption of the Laws on Land Reform and Peasant Agriculture, as well as the Land Code of the Kyrgyz Republic. Failure of collective farming resulted in a serious economic crisis across the entire agricultural sector, and the Government embarked on deregulation of agriculture.

 

The President of the Kyrgyz Republic issued a series of important Decrees, including Decree on measures to facilitate further land and agrarian reform (1992) and Decree on measures to extend land and agrarian reform in the Kyrgyz Republic (1994), which initiated profound land and agrarian reform with a view to create efficient conditions for economic and business activities of rural commodity producers through transition to the market-based principles of land and agrarian relationships.

Many of the existing collective and soviet farms (over 600 farms as of 1992) were restructured in a short space of time.

 

75% of all agricultural land (except pastures) vested in agricultural enterprises were first leased out (first, for 55 years; then, for 99 years), and then transferred into private ownership to villagers (under the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on effectiveness of the Land Code of the Kyrgyz Republic adopted in 1999). 25% of cropland remain state property and constitute the National Land Fund (subsequently renamed into the (Agricultural) Land Redistribution Fund, LRF).

 

As a result of the land reform, more than 52% (510 thousand families) of nearly 5 million people received titles to land. First, they received land use certificates, and then they were provided with certificates of ownership with specification of all family members.

 

With the consent of the other family members, holders of land ownership certificates had the right to sell, exchange, succeed, rent or bail their land parcels, as well as join or leave agricultural cooperatives, associations and peasant farms voluntarily. Thus, activities in the land market started.

920.5 thousand hectares of land (75.1% of the total of 1,226.3 thousand hectares) were allocated as land parcels during the land reform, along with 21.6 thousand hectares of perennial plantings (61.2 %) and 82.2 thousand hectares of hayfields (56,1 %).

 

Therefore, there were fundamental changes in land relationships over the years of land reform implemented in the Kyrgyz Republic. The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic acknowledged the right to private ownership of land; landowners were given the right to use and dispose of their land parcels at will.

Legal and regulatory framework was established for virtually all categories of land in the Land Fund, and legal relationships in the area of land use are sustainable. Particular mechanisms and procedures of granting rights to agricultural and non-agricultural categories of land were worked through.

 

Experts of the Rural Development Fund (RDF) have been involved into the land reform since mid-nineties and participated in elaboration of the Land Code, Law on agricultural land governance, Law on pastures, and other laws and regulations on land relationships. In cooperation with international experts, they also reviewed land laws and came up with corresponding recommendations at a country level.

RDF experts surveyed outcomes at different stages of the land reform with a view to make recommendations on implementation of activities under the land reform.

Rural Development Fund

Geologicheskiy str., Office 1

Bishkek, 720005, Kyrgyz Republic

Phone: +996 (312)590828 

Mob. phone: +996 (770)330106 

Email: general@rdf.in.kg

© RDF 2008 - 2015


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