Ferghana Valley has often been the place of various conflicts, especially in the border areas between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Most of the disputes related to the limited natural resources, in terms of access and use of resources. Such conflicts are significantly exacerbated by the lack of clear demarcation of the border along a substantial portion of the border.
Because of the lack of a consistent policy of centralized state, the burden of conflict resolution on the shoulders of the border Ayil Okmotu – rural local self-government bodies. Many border AO Batken region have considerable experience and expertise to manage ethnic conflicts arising over access and use of natural resources such as water, land, pastures, forests. Most of the knowledge and practice accumulated AO through training and practice is not common and are not considered in local and / or national regulations. They also can not be found in any other legal documents.
On February 1, 2011 RDF has launched new project on peer learning of local government representatives on conflict management and mitigation in areas prone to ethnic conflicts.
Realization period: 2010-2011
Areas: Ak-Say, Ak-Tatyr, Kara-Bak, Samarkandek and Tort-Kul aiyl okrugs, Batken oblast
Donor: National Endowment for Democracy, NED
to strengthen the role of the border ayil okmotu to manage inter-ethnic conflicts stemming from the use of water, pastures, land, non-timber and other natural resources.
to facilitate and assist in peer learning of the best practices and local knowledge between the target ayil okmotu to manage inter-ethnic conflicts over natural resources, their synthesis and developing recommendations for local government and public authorities.
RDF has selected five target ayil okmotus in Batken rayon, Batken oblast, that are located on the border areas of Kyrgyz Republic and Republic of Tajikistan: Ak-Say, Ak-Tatyr, Kara-Bak, Samarkandek and Tort-Kul.
Main project activities
– Mutual exchange and dissemination in target AO best local knowledge for conflict management over natural resources;
– Conduct a rapid assessment of target AO to understand local conditions and conflict-protection of natural resources, meetings with local community;
– Information campaigns and seminars for members and local leaders in targeted AO, forming groups, exchange visits and experience;
– A national workshop involving all stakeholders, including representatives of the authorities to discuss the existing problems and their solutions based on best practices.
Project expected results
According to the results of the project there were collected best practice examples that have proven their effectiveness and ability to apply to other aiyl okmotu which were included in recommendations for local governments and public authorities on conflict management over natural resources.
Project funding organization
The project is funded by The National Endowment for Democracy (NED) is a private, nonprofit foundation dedicated to the growth and strengthening of democratic institutions around the world. Each year, with funding from the US Congress, NED supports more than 1,000 projects of non-governmental groups abroad who are working for democratic goals in more than 90 countries.
Since its founding in 1983, NED has been remaining on the leading edge of democratic struggles everywhere, while evolving into a multifaceted institution that is a hub of activity, resources and intellectual exchange for activists, practitioners and scholars of democracy the world over.